Jaipur- Pink city
In seventeenth Century the Raja (king) of Amer felt the need of shifting the capital city because of every increasing population and growing scarcity of water.
The foundation of the new city Jaipur was laid on 18th November 1727, 11 kms from old city by the maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, after whom the city is named Jaipur. The King was aficionado of science and Mathematics, Jaipur was planned based on the principles of vastu Shastra, the traditional Indian system of architecture and Shilpa shastra the traditional system of art and craft, which made city the first planned city of North India. It took four year to finish the main palaces, squares and the roads of the city. The City was split in nine blocks, of which two of them include the state buildings, palaces and seven blocks are allocated to the community.
During 1905-1906 the city was painted in pink colour to welcome the prince of whales by Sawai Ram Singh. Today Jaipur is the largest and capital of Rajasthan state and one of the popular tourist destinations.
PLACES TO VISIT IN JAIPUR
AMBER / AMER FORT
The construction of Amber fort was started in 1592 AD by Raja Man Singh and it was further expanded by successive rulers for nearly 200 years. The fort is a fusion of Rajput and Mughal architecture. Amber fort depicts true royal lifestyle of the Rajputs. The interior are superbly decorated with mirror work, paintings and carvings.
The Astronomical observatory of Maharaj Sawai Jai Sing II. Jantar mantar means instrument for calculation. The observatory was built in 1716 A.D and contains 15 astronomical instrument complexes, one remain unfinished, of which 6 function with solar lithe and 11 by Lunar and stellar reflection.
Built between 1729 and 1732, Located in the epicenter of the Pink city Jaipur. The architecture style is based on a fusion of Rajput and Mughal architecture. City palace contains Mubarak Mahal means auspicious palace was built with a fusion of Islamic, Rajput and European architectural style in 19th century as a reception center and now it’s a museum. Also contains Chandra Mahal, the present residence of the descendants of the former ruler of Jaipur.
The Hawa mahal, the palace of the winds was designed as a window to the outside world for Zenana palace (women’s quarter) who led cloistered lives in the closed courtyards and apartments behind it. The women’s of the quarter could pass their day sitting here hidden behind the 953 latticed windows , watching the world go by and have a view of royal parades and other city ceremonies from their windows.